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 Wage Differentials among Ownership Groups and Worker Quality in Vietnamese Manufacturing
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Nguyễn Trung Kiên & Eric D. Ramstetter
Nơi đăng: Asian Growth Research Institute, Japan
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; Số: Working Paper Series Vol.2015-05;Từ->đến trang: 1-32;Năm: 2015
Lĩnh vực: Kinh tế; Loại: Báo cáo; Thể loại: Quốc tế
This paper examines wage differentials among medium-large (20 or more employees) wholly-foreign multinational enterprises (WFs), joint-venture multinationals (JVs), state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and domestic private firms in Vietnamese manufacturing. The analysis focuses on 2009 because it is possible to examine wage differentials after accounting for the influences of two measures of worker quality, educational background and occupation. Simple comparisons in large samples of 11 industries combined indicate that averages wages in JVs were about 92 percent higher than in private firms in 2009, SOEs and WFs paid 57 and 54 percent more than private firms, respectively. Corresponding, conditional differentials that control for the influences of worker education and occupation, as well as capital intensity, size, and shares of female workers, were substantially smaller, but positive and significant in large samples. Wage levels and differentials varied substantially among industries. Conditional differentials remained positive and significant for WFs and JFs in most of the 11 industries examined, but estimates of SOE-private differentials were insignificant in most industries. Robustness checks using 2007 data could not account for worker occupation, but revealed results similar to those for 2009.
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