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 Assessment Of Parents’ Level Of Satisfaction With Cleft Lip / Palate Treatment Results In Central Vietnam And Surrounding Provinces
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Phan The Phuoc Long , Bui Khanh Linh , Xuan Hien Nguyen
Nơi đăng: International Journal of Health, Physical Education and Computer Science in sports; Số: ISSN 2231-3265. Vol-29 No1;Từ->đến trang: 9-13;Năm: 2018
Lĩnh vực: Chưa xác định; Loại: Bài báo khoa học; Thể loại: Quốc tế
Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is a congenital defect with high prevalence in developing countries including Vietnam. The treatment requires an interdisciplinary therapy to ensure patient satisfaction in regard to appearance and function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the parents’ level of satisfaction with CLP treatment outcomes in central Vietnam and the surrounding provinces.The sample consisted of 70 CLP patients who had undergone surgery in Da Nang Orthopedic and rehabilitation hospital of Vietnam in affiliation with DEVIEMED organization of Germany on March of 2016, as well as 32 parents of the patients who participated (response rate was 45.7%). Data included age, gender, type of cleft, and collection and documentation of medical records. The degree of parents’ satisfaction with the esthetics and function was also collected via questionnaires.Of the seventy patients with CLP selected the male/female ratio was 1.12:1 (37/33). Of 4 types cleft including Bilateral CLP, Unilateral CLP, CP and CL, patients with Unilateral CLP made up the highest proportion totaling 39/70 (55.7%). There was significant difference in the types of CLP between male and female (p = 0.028). The majority of patients were ages 1 day to 2 years 40/70 (57.1%). The parents were quite satisfied (Score > 3 on a 5-point Likert Scale 1 – 5) with lip and face esthetics of their patients and its function (hearing, inspiration, level of being understood audibly and drinking ability). The significant differences in satisfaction amongst 4 types of cleft (Bilateral CLP; Unilateral CLP, CP, CL) were reported by parents in regard to nose esthetics (p = 0.044, Kruskal-Wallis Test) and their patients’ level of being understood audibly (also p = 0.044). The parents had a good degree of satisfaction in regard to the esthetics of the lip and face and its function but some were less than satisfied with teeth, nose and jaw esthetics. Therefore, it is recommended that different treatment plans should be devised and tailored specifically to 4 types of cleft defects to ensure increased satisfaction of the patients and also their parents.Keywords: Cleft lip and palate, satisfaction, esthetics, function.
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