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 Optimizing Multiple-Resources Leveling in Multiple Projects Using Discrete Symbiotic Organisms Search
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Min-Yuan Cheng, Doddy Prayogo, Duc-Hoc Tran
Nơi đăng: Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering; Số: 0;Từ->đến trang: 1-9;Năm: 2015
Lĩnh vực: Chưa xác định; Loại: Bài báo khoa học; Thể loại: Quốc tế
TÓM TẮT
Resource leveling is used in project scheduling to reduce fluctuation in resource usage over the period of project implementation. Fluctuating resource usage frequently creates the untenable requirement of regularly hiring and firing temporary staff to meet short-term project needs. Construction project decision makers currently rely on experience-based methods to manage fluctuations. However, these methods lack consistency and may result in unnecessary waste of resources or costly schedule overruns. This research introduces a novel discrete symbiotic organisms search for optimizing multiple resources leveling in the multiple projects scheduling problem (DSOS-MRLMP). The optimization model proposed is based on a recently developed metaheuristic algorithm called symbiotic organisms search (SOS). SOS mimics the symbiotic relationship strategies that organisms use to survive in the ecosystem. Experimental results and statistical tests indicate that the proposed model obtains optimal results more reliably and efficiently than do the other optimization algorithms considered. The proposed optimization model is a promising alternative approach to assisting project managers in handling MRLMP effectively.
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ABSTRACT
Resource leveling is used in project scheduling to reduce fluctuation in resource usage over the period of project implementation. Fluctuating resource usage frequently creates the untenable requirement of regularly hiring and firing temporary staff to meet short-term project needs. Construction project decision makers currently rely on experience-based methods to manage fluctuations. However, these methods lack consistency and may result in unnecessary waste of resources or costly schedule overruns. This research introduces a novel discrete symbiotic organisms search for optimizing multiple resources leveling in the multiple projects scheduling problem (DSOS-MRLMP). The optimization model proposed is based on a recently developed metaheuristic algorithm called symbiotic organisms search (SOS). SOS mimics the symbiotic relationship strategies that organisms use to survive in the ecosystem. Experimental results and statistical tests indicate that the proposed model obtains optimal results more reliably and efficiently than do the other optimization algorithms considered. The proposed optimization model is a promising alternative approach to assisting project managers in handling MRLMP effectively.
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