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Số người truy cập: 48,968,627

 Group effect on ultimate lateral resistance of piles against uniform ground movement.
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Quang N.PHAM, Satoru OHTSUKA, Koichi ISOBE, Yutaka FUKUMOTO
Nơi đăng: Soils and Foundations Journal (IF=2.269), DOI.10.1016/j.sandf.2018.08.013; Số: Vol.59 (1);Từ->đến trang: 27-40;Năm: 2018
Lĩnh vực: Kỹ thuật; Loại: Bài báo khoa học; Thể loại: Quốc tế
TÓM TẮT
ABSTRACT
In earthquake engineering, pile foundations have typically been designed to withstand the lateral loading that results from large displacements due to ground movement caused by strong earthquakes during which the distress and failure of superstructures may take place when the lateral load exceeds the ultimate lateral resistance of the piles. The aim of this study is to estimate the ultimate lateral resistance of piles especially in terms of the group effect induced by the pile arrangement. Several experimental and numerical analyses have been conducted on pile groups to investigate the group effect when the groups are subjected to uniform large horizontal ground movement. However, these previous studies usually calculated the ultimate lateral resistance of the pile groups by applying the load to the piles. The present study directly assesses the ultimate lateral resistance of pile groups against ground movement by systematically varying the direction of the ground movement. Although the load bearing ratio of each pile in a pile group, defined as the ratio of the ultimate lateral resistance of each pile in a pile group to that of a single pile, is an important design criterion, it was difficult to assess in past works. This study focuses on the load bearing ratio of each pile against ground movement in various directions. The use of the finite element method (FEM) provides options for simulating the pile-soil system with complex pile arrangements by taking the complicated geometry of the problem into account. The ultimate lateral resistance is examined here for pile groups consisting of a 2x2 arrangement of four piles, as well as two piles, three piles, four piles, and an infinite number of piles arranged in a row through case studies in which the pile spacing is changed by applying the two-dimensional rigid plastic finite element method (RPFEM). The RPFEM was extended in this work to calculate not only the total ultimate lateral resistance of pile groups, but also the load bearing ratio of the piles in the group. The obtained results indicate that the load bearing ratio generally increases with an increase in pile spacing and converges to almost unity at a pile spacing ratio of 3.0 with respect to the pile diameter. Moreover, the group effect was further investigated by considering the failure mode of the ground around the piles.
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