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Số người truy cập: 36,943,136

 Evolution of Microstructure and Transport Properties of Cement Pastes Due to Carbonation under a CO2 Pressure Gradient - A Modeling Approach
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Quoc Tri Phung; Norbert Maes; Diederik Jacques; Geert De Schutter; Guang Ye
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Nơi đăng: CONCREEP 10: Mechanics and Physics of Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures - American Society of Civil Engineers
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; Số: -;Từ->đến trang: 1032-1041;Năm: 2015
Lĩnh vực: Khoa học công nghệ; Loại: Bài báo khoa học; Thể loại: Quốc tế
TÓM TẮT
Most carbonation models only account for diffusion as the main transport mechanism rather than advection. Nevertheless, in the case of concrete used for underground waste disposal facilities, concrete may be subjected to a high hydrostatic pressure and the surrounding environment may contain a high dissolved CO2 concentration. Therefore, a combination of diffusion and advection should be taken into account. This is also the case in accelerated carbonation where a high CO2 pressure gradient is applied in which advection in the gas phase has a significant contribution to the carbonation process. This study aims at developing a model to predict the evolution of the microstructure and transport properties of cement pastes due to carbonation under accelerated conditions in which a pressure gradient of pure CO2 is applied. The proposed model is based on a macroscopic mass balance for carbon dioxide in gaseous and aqueous phases. Besides the prediction of the changes in transport properties (diffusivity, permeability), the model also enables to predict the changes in microstructure. Data from accelerated tests were used to validate the model. Preliminary verification with experimental results shows a good agreement.
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ABSTRACT
Most carbonation models only account for diffusion as the main transport mechanism rather than advection. Nevertheless, in the case of concrete used for underground waste disposal facilities, concrete may be subjected to a high hydrostatic pressure and the surrounding environment may contain a high dissolved CO2 concentration. Therefore, a combination of diffusion and advection should be taken into account. This is also the case in accelerated carbonation where a high CO2 pressure gradient is applied in which advection in the gas phase has a significant contribution to the carbonation process. This study aims at developing a model to predict the evolution of the microstructure and transport properties of cement pastes due to carbonation under accelerated conditions in which a pressure gradient of pure CO2 is applied. The proposed model is based on a macroscopic mass balance for carbon dioxide in gaseous and aqueous phases. Besides the prediction of the changes in transport properties (diffusivity, permeability), the model also enables to predict the changes in microstructure. Data from accelerated tests were used to validate the model. Preliminary verification with experimental results shows a good agreement.
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