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Số người truy cập: 31,448,712

 On the Thermodynamic Process in the Bulk-Flow Model for the Estimation of the Dynamic Coefficients of Labyrinth Seals
Tác giả hoặc Nhóm tác giả: Filippo Cangioli, Paolo Pennacchi, Giuseppe Vannini, Lorenzo Ciuchicchi, Andrea Vania, Steven Chatterton, Phuoc Vinh Dang
Nơi đăng: Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power - ASME Transactions (SCI); Số: GTP-17-1277;Từ->đến trang: xxx-xxx;Năm: 2018
Lĩnh vực: Kỹ thuật; Loại: Bài báo khoa học; Thể loại: Quốc tế
TÓM TẮT
ABSTRACT
The influence of sealing components on the stability of turbomachinery has become a key topic because oil and gas market is increasingly requiring high rotational speed and high efficiency, which implies the clearance reduction in the seals.
The experimental results of a 14 teeth-on-stator labyrinth seal with nitrogen, performed in the high-pressure seal test rig owned by GE Oil&Gas, are presented in the paper. Both experimental tests with positive and negative pre-swirl values were performed in order to investigate the pre-swirl effect on the cross-coupled stiffness coefficients.
In this paper, the authors improve the state-of-the-art one-control volume bulk-flow model [1], by introducing the effect of the energy equation in the zero-order solution. In this way, the real gas properties are evaluated in a more accurate way because the enthalpy variation, expected through the seal cavities, is taken into account in the model. The authors, considering the energy equation only in the zero-order solution, assume that the enthalpy is not a function of the clearance perturbation (i.e. of the rotor perturbed motion).
Overall, by taking into account the energy equation, a better estimation of the coefficients in the case of negative pre-swirl ratio has been obtained (as it results from the comparison with the experimental benchmark tests). The numerical results are also compared to the state-of-the-art bulk-flow model developed by Thorat and Childs (2010), highlighting the improvement obtained.
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